Sculpture is the art of moulding or carving a substance of either hard or soft material into something new and interesting. This can be done of clay or wood, and even ice. It is a unique way for someone to express themselves in an artistic fashion. Our history is rich with the sculptures of long dead artists that created breath taking works of art from marble, stone, and many other materials.
The First Sculpture
Carved from limestone more than 25,000 years ago, we have one of our oldest and most famous early sculptures. Venus of Willendorf is a sculpture that not only captures but also emphasizes the swelling curves of the female body. This sculpture was created with the ephasisation of fertility which was tribes of people depended on for survival of our species. Willendorf Venus was discovered at Willendorf in Austria and only stands about four inches tall. More than 100 sculptures of similar forms and meaning have been found in the area and can be found from France to Southern Russia.
Egyptian sculptures have been dated as far back as 3100 BC, the Egyptians are considered to be the first civilization that established a recognizable art style. This can be found in the lightly sculpted figures that scatter the culture. One of the earliest sculptures is a relief on a slab in which pharaoh Narmer commissioned to celebrate a victory. This depiction is of the king holding his defeated enemy by the hair and threatening to strike him while a smaller figure carries the king’s sandals. The Sphinx in 2500 B.C is yet another beautiful example as it guards the pyramids of Giza, and the sculptures of Akhenaten and Nefertiti from 1340 B.C. These beautiful sculptures hold a special place in our history.
Although these are just examples of the earliest sculptures, there have been many others that stand out in our history that scatter the globe like the stars in the sky. These sculptures tell us more than the constant evolution of our skills and tools but also what life was like during that time period and the feelings the artist felt as they molded the piece into being. This can easily be said for the statue of St. Mark by Donatello and Michelangelo’s David or St. Peter. These masterpieces ring out as a symbol of the era and the dedication of the artist